Human And progress in ancient civilizations


In these simple lines, I will tell you about our ancestors of ancient civilizations, how each of these civilizations progressed, and what their achievements and characteristics were.



The civilization of Mesopotamia



  • Mesopotamia is located within the Fertile Crescent, and its fertility is derived from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, which helps in the emergence of agriculture and the development of irrigation, it is a water civilization.


  • Mesopotamia is the cradle of the oldest human civilizations in the ancient era: Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian. While the cuneiform script appeared, and the first legislation: the law of Hammurabi. This marked the beginning of attempts to organize human societies.



Pharaonic civilization


  • It is a water civilization that also appeared in the Fertile Crescent, but on the banks of the Nile. Passed through three major historical phases: the ancient, modern, central empire.

  • This civilization was characterized by the belief of ancient Egyptians in the resurrection, calculation and immortality after death. This is illustrated by the mummification of the dead: the mummy, and the construction of monumental monumental monuments: the pyramids.

Phoenician civilization


  • It is located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, located in the Fertile Crescent. Stretching on a narrow coastal strip, helping to form a maritime civilization.

  • This civilization has undergone three major stages: the stage of building banks, the stage of establishing settlements, the stage of submission to foreign domination.

  • One of the most important features of this civilization is that of your great commercial empire, known as the alphabet, which is later used by many Mediterranean peoples.

Ancient Palestine


  • Palestine is part of Canaan, stretching between the Jordan River to the east and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. This distinguished location has made it a target for invaders of different directions, and made it a land of intermingling and nominating among civilizations.

  • Palestine was the cradle of the two monotheistic religions: Judaism and Christianity, which later spread to the world on a large scale.




Greek civilization


  • Greece is located in the north-eastern Mediterranean, a mountainous country that pushed its inhabitants to the sea.

  • Ancient Greece passed through four major phases: the first Aegean civilizations, then the Dark Ages, or the Hawary period, followed by the ancient period, which paved the way for the classical Greek era, where the Greek civilization reached the height of its prosperity.


Carthaginian civilization


  • Which was built on the Sicilian Strait between the eastern and western shores of the Mediterranean. Including its greater political influence in the Tunisian and Western Mediterranean countries, while its trade relations extended to the entire Mediterranean basin.

  • archaic period, Carthage was a Phoenician settlement of Tire. In the classical period, Carthage was at the height of its power, while the latter was marked by its wars with Rome and the Hanbali military expeditions, which ended in 146 BC.



The Romanian Civilization


  • It passed through three basic phases: the royal covenant that was founded in Rome in 753 BC. The Republican era, which extended from 475 BC to 25 BC. The imperial era took about 5 centuries, from 27 BC to 476 AD. During which the influence of Roman civilization extended to the entire Mediterranean basin.

  • Among its most important cultural features: urban prosperity, architectural development, legislation, and law.




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